– a live event in front of an audience-sometimes scripted, sometimes spontaneous, often the audience participation contributes to what the work is or means…sometimes the performance is done more than once, often it is a one-time event.
In performance art, the BODY is the medium. It usually includes four elements: Time, Space, The Performer’s Body, and the Audience
Before video became easily accessible, the only record of a performance would be photographs documenting its occurrence. Those photographs inspired artists to think about performing FOR photographic purposes intentionally…
Performance Art often addresses social issues (hence its occurrence in a social environment),
our relationships with one another
It might also address political issues
Our relationship with nature
To summarize: The documentation of Performance Art>lead to performing FOR the camera…
an entire genre of Photography emerged-staged and deliberate.
The videos we watched:
List of Performance Artists (many were in the video)
Valie Export- image on the right is “Action Pants: Genital Panic”
Hugo Ball-Dada artist, performed nonsensical sound poem at club “Cabaret Voltaire” in 1919
Yves Klein-“Leap into the Void”, he also used the body as paintbrush
Yoko Ono-“Cut” might be her most famous piece…
Joseph Beuys-was a multimedia artist-a famous performance: “I like America and America Likes Me”, spent a week in American gallery with a coyote
Chris Burdendid “Shoot” and “Transfixed” in which his hands were attached to a Volkswagen via nails through the palms of his hands
Bas Jan Ader-Known for his “I’m to sad too tell you” film, as well as films of him falling off a roof and falling off his bicycle
Trisha Brown See especially her “Roof Piece” and “Walking on a Wall”
Ana Mendieta-used her body to make statements about feminism, violence, known for her “silouettas”
John Baldessari “…boring art”
Vito Acconci-Hid under platform in gallery and masturbated while speaking into a microphone to gallery visitors-this project was called “Seedbed”
Allan Kaprow-coined the word “Happenings”
John Cageexperiemented with sound
Here: “Variations V”, a piece in which dancers triggered sound via 12 antennas built by Robert Moog
Bruce Nauman-mulitmedia artist…The photo on the right is from “Walking in an Exaggerated Manner around the Perimeter of a Square”
Hannah Wilkewas both a performance artist, sculptor and photographer
In 1974, Wilke began work on her photographic body art piece S.O.S — Starification Object Series in which she merged her minimalist sculpture and her own body by creating tiny vulval sculptures out of chewing gum and sticking them to herself. She then had herself photographed in various pin-up poses, providing a juxtaposition of glamour and something resembling tribal scarification
influenced by performance art
often addresses identity, representation, stereotypes, gender, societal expectations, etc…
List of Photographers Influenced by Performance Art:
Cindy Sherman-any of her work! Tons featured on this MoMA link
Erwin Wurm- any! From the Tate video: “Claudia Schiffer Series” or “How to be Politically Correct” (above)
Samuel Fosso’s self portraits “African Spirits”
Martin Paar “Auto Portrait”
Jeff Koons ”Art Magazine Ads”
Lee Friedlander “Self Portraits”https://fraenkelgallery.com/portfolios/1960s-self-portraits
EikohHosoe “Dance Experience” and “Simmon: A Private Landscape”
Jemima Stehli“Strip”-Stehli got various art critics to come to her studio for a shoot. She sat the male critics down in a chair and began to strip in front of them. Stehli positioned herself to the right of the shot facing the subject with her back to the camera. She then gave the art critics the shutter release for the camera. As Stehli began to strip the art critics would squeeze the shutter release and take a photograph at any time they wanted.
Linder(Sterling)-any! “She/She” was featured in Tate Video
Fred Holland Day “The Seven Words “ 1898. These self portraits as Jesus Christ preceded performance art!
AmaliaUlman “Excellences and Perfections”
On April 19, 2014, AmaliaUlman uploaded an image to her Instagram account of the words “Part I” in black serifed lettering on a white background. The caption read, cryptically, “Excellences & Perfections.” It received twenty-eight likes.
For the next several months, she conducted a scripted online performance via her Instagram and Facebook profiles. As part of this project, titled Excellences and Perfections, Ulman underwent an extreme, semi-fictionalized makeover.
She pretended to have a breast augmentation, posting images of herself in a hospital gown and with a bandaged chest, using a padded bra and Photoshop to manipulate her image. Other elements of the makeover were not feigned; she followed the ZaoDha Diet strictly, for example, and went to pole-dancing lessons often. http://www.newmuseum.org/exhibitions/view/amalia-ulman-excellences-perfections
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